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Karta Idrijca   Kamšt
ABOUT THE PARK
NATURAL FEATURES WITHIN THE PARK
A STROLL THROUGH THE PARK
FROM IDRIJA TO THE LAKE DIVJE JEZERO

Botanical garden
Joseph's Shaft
Kamšt
Rake
The lake Divje jezero (Wild lake)
Kobila

 
STRUG VALLEY (The Village of Idrijska Bela)
THE IDRIJCA RIVER from LAJŠT TO ITS SPRING
THE BELCA RIVER from LAJŠT TO ITS SPRING
THE EDGE OF TRNOVSKI GOZD
TOURISM AND RECREATION
 PROTECTIVE MEASURES
PHOTO GALLERY
USEFUL LINKS
 
DEITSLEN  
 
 
 
  Kamšt is a mighty, and for the construction of that period (1790), very technically-perfected apparatus. This is a spade-shaped wheel made of oak with a diameter of almost 14m, called kamšt (waterworks) that through transmission pumped water from a depth amounting to 280m.

The propelling wooden wheel is placed within a monumental stone-built construction and is known in Europe as one of the largest water wheels of this type preserved to this day. It operated until as late as 1948, when a big flood destroyed the dam at Kobila. It was powered by water from the Idrijca river at the higher-positioned dam and ran through the 2.5 km long water channel to the kamšt. Piston pumps were placed into horizons XI, IX and III.

 
 
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The wheel turned 4 to 5 times per minute and by means of mechanism, that is a 75 m long horizontal poles and vertical pumping system, pumped 300 l water per minute. The device was also used for lifting ore from the mine. When set, this wheel also replaced mine pumping devices used back then, some of them dating back as early as the 16th century.

If you would like to pay a visit to this kamšt, the key can be obtained in the Gewerkenegg Castle, where you may request a guide who will describe the origin and the operating process of the device in detail. The water wheel along with its brick building is a fascinating technical monument.